Wednesday, November 2, 2016

2016-11-02 US: "Deep State" USA

2016-11-02 US: "Deep State" USA
 Vote all you want. The secret government won’t change.

The people we elect aren’t the ones calling the shots, says Tufts University’s Michael Glennon

Michael J. Glennon.* "National Security and Double Government". Harvard National Security Journal / Vol. 5. (2014)
* Professor of International Law, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University.
Abstract. National  security policy  in  the United  States has remained  largely constant from the Bush Administration to the Obama Administration. This continuity can  be  explained  by   the  “double  government”  theory   of  19th-century
scholar  of  the  English  Constitution  Walter  Bagehot.  As  applied  to  the United States, Bagehot’s theory  suggests that U.S.  national  security  policy is   defined   by    the   network   of   executive   officials   who   manage   the departments  and  agencies  responsible  for  protecting  U.S.  national  security and who, responding  to structural incentives embedded in the  U.S. political system,  operate  largely removed  from  public  view and  from  constitutional constraints.   The   public   believes   that   the   constitutionally-established institutions  control  national  security   policy,  but   that  view  is  mistaken. Judicial  review  is negligible;  congressional  oversight is  dysfunctional;  and presidential  control  is  nominal.  Absent  a  more  informed  and  engaged electorate,   little   possibility    exists   for   restoring   accountability    in   the
formulation and execution of national security policy.

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