Sunday, November 28, 2010

10-11-28 Wikileaks - The Source - Hanley Manning // Wikileaks - La Fuente - Hanely Manning

Bradley Manning
Pfc. Bradley Manning is reported as the source in leaking of diplomatic cables and other classified documents to WikiLeaks.
Soldado Bradley Manning se reporta como la fuente de filtración de los cables diplomáticos y otros documentos clasificados a Wikileaks.
President Obama supports responsible, accountable, and open government at home and around the world, but this reckless and dangerous action runs counter to that goal,” the statement said. “By releasing stolen and classified documents, WikiLeaks has put at risk not only the cause of human rights but also the lives and work of these individuals.”

"El presidente Obama apoya el gobierno responsable, consecuente y abierta en el país y en todo el mundo, pero esta acción imprudente y peligroso va en contra de ese objetivo", dijo el comunicado. "Por la liberación de documentos robados y clasificados, Wikileaks ha puesto en riesgo no sólo la causa de los derechos humanos, sino también la vida y el trabajo de estas personas."
Human Rights Highlights:
¶ Bargaining to empty the Guantánamo Bay prison: When American diplomats pressed other countries to resettle detainees, they became reluctant players in a State Department version of “Let’s Make a Deal.” Slovenia was told to take a prisoner if it wanted to meet with President Obama, while the island nation of Kiribati was offered incentives worth millions of dollars to take in Chinese Muslim detainees, cables from diplomats recounted. The Americans, meanwhile, suggested that accepting more prisoners would be “a low-cost way for Belgium to attain prominence in Europe.”

¶ Clashes with Europe over human rights: American officials sharply warned Germany in 2007 not to enforce arrest warrants for Central Intelligence Agency officers involved in a bungled operation in which an innocent German citizen with the same name as a suspected militant was mistakenly kidnapped and held for months in Afghanistan. A senior American diplomat told a German official “that our intention was not to threaten Germany, but rather to urge that the German government weigh carefully at every step of the way the implications for relations with the U.S.”
¶ Saudi King: US Should Plant Chips in Gitmo Detainees.

By Full US Embassy Cable
The King, proposed implanting detainees with an electronic chip containing information about them and allowing their movements to be tracked with Bluetooth. This was done with horses and falcons, the King said.

10-11-28 Welcome Sweden - Last New Visitor! // Bienvenido Suecia - Visitante Mas Reciente!


Last New Visitor

Visited November 28, 2010

10-11-28 Wikileaks 'Embassy Files' - Unique experiment in Freedom of the Press in the United States... // Wikileaks 'Archivos de las Embajadas'- Experimento único en la libertad de prensa en los EE.UU...

The next few days are likely to be an interesting experiment in Freedom of the Press in the United States...
Here are November 26, 2010 reports from CNN and Financial Times...

WikiLeaks release could damage diplomatic relations, former envoy saysBy Jill Dougherty, CNN Foreign Affairs Correspondent
November 26, 2010 9:51 p.m. EST

Washington (CNN) -- Diplomatic cables expected to be released soon by WikiLeaks could contain highly sensitive information that reveals U.S. negotiating positions, secret intelligence and other confidential matters, a former U.S. ambassador to Russia told CNN.

The expected online disclosure has to be taken seriously, said James F. Collins, who served as ambassador to Moscow from 1997 to 2001 and is currently director of the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

"Leaking information of this kind will be detrimental to building the trust among officials necessary to conduct effective and productive diplomacy. It will impede doing things in a normal, civilized way," Collins said.

"I would think the information they will leak is likely to contain analysis, records of discussions or reporting on confidential conversations between officials or official policy recommendations or suggestions about policy or diplomatic actions," he added.

The threat by WikiLeaks, the online whistle-blower website, to publish the information has prompted the State Department to undertake a massive review of diplomatic documents. A source tells CNN that every diplomatic mission document from 2006 to 2009 is under review.

The United States has started to alert nations around the world about the possible leaks.

In preparation for the WikiLeaks dump, the British government warning United Kingdom news organizations about the publication of any material which could endanger national security. The Ministry of Defence on Friday issued a so called "D-Notice."

In the rarely used notice, the MOD told the media that before they publish potentially sensitive stories of a national security nature, they should seek the advice of a senior military official to avoid breaking the order.

A senior Israeli government official said the American government contacted the Israeli government a few days ago to inform them about the possibility of internal U.S. communications about Israel being publicly released.

The official would only speak on condition he not be identified.

He did not know the full scope of what topics the documents may cover, the official said, but noted that Israel was told by the Americans that the leak was part of a much larger document dump by WikiLeaks, most of which had nothing to do with Israel.

The Israeli government official added that the American government said it did not want Israeli officials hearing about the leak for the first time in the media.

Israel was satisfied with the way the United States was handling the problem and there was little expectation in Israel that this would create a major rift in relations, the official said.

A spokesman for the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tobias Nilsson, told CNN his government also had been alerted by U.S. authorities.

"We have been in contact with the U.S. Embassy here in Stockholm and they have informed us about a possible release of documents by WikiLeaks," Nilsson said. "I am, however, not going to speculate on why they contacted us or the reason for them alerting us about this. All I can say is that they have told us this might happen."

Norway also has been contacted, said Bjorn S. Jahnsen, spokesman at the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

"They have only told us that WikiLeaks might release new documents," Jahnsen said. "They haven't said anything specific about the contents, they only alerted us that the release might happen."

The United States did not discuss whether the leaks might affect relations between the two nations, Jahnsen said.

The information blitz from WikiLeaks would offer a glimpse into the worldwide communications of the State Department and its 297 embassies, consulates and missions through what commonly are referred to as "cables." Collins says cables are the telegrams used for official instructions, reports and communications from the Department of State in Washington to its international posts as well as from those posts back to the United States. Much informal communication today is by email and other kinds of modern communications, he says, "but official instructions to the ambassador tend to come through telegrams, which an ambassador can assume have been properly coordinated in Washington."

Telegrams, when they go out of the Department of State, are shown as signed by the secretary of state and when they come in from any embassy or consulate in the field are shown as signed by the ambassador or a principal officer.

"Obviously," however, Collins notes, "these individuals cannot and do not write and sign all of the telegrams."

Embassies send Washington "reporting" telegrams, which can include analysis by embassy officers of developments of importance to U.S. policy in their country or they may report meetings that the ambassador or other embassy officials had with officials in their host country. They also can contain substantive policy recommendations and observations. In addition, there are housekeeping and operational messages that are dedicated to the daily operations and needs of diplomatic offices and personnel.

Telegrams are an essential means for keeping U.S. diplomats informed about policy and views in Washington and to alert them to important developments.

The State Department sends "world-wide" telegrams to its missions around the world, "regional" telegrams to a select number of posts and telegrams to individual posts.

"They can be informational," Collins says, "telling the ambassador and his or her staff about a policy initiative, for example: they can send texts of speeches, convey in-house information the Department of State wants embassies to be aware of or provide the reasoning behind policy, what Washington wants clearly understood."

Another kind of telegram contains official instructions.

"It says to an ambassador, 'Go take this action,' " Collins said, "instructing the ambassador or his staff, for example, to 'see so and so and seek his support for an American position on Afghanistan.' As an ambassador you would take that instruction, for example and, using it, seek out the appropriate person in the foreign ministry and make the case Washington has asked to be conveyed."

"The most sensitive kinds of telegrams are instructions such as those to negotiators. These instructions were routinely sent to our negotiators on the START treaty or to those carrying on negotiations with allies about next steps in Afghanistan."

Collins says his major concern about leaking telegraphs and other official communication is that "you cannot conduct business between governments effectively on CNN or in the news media. People with whom you talk on a confidential basis, where you're talking as government-to-government, or representative-of-government-to-representative-of-government and discussing something, implicitly assume that the confidentiality of the discussion will be preserved. Sure, everyone understands that you're going to report back to your own government what you said and what you heard, but they don't expect to see the exchange in the newspapers.

"Similarly, analysis that mentions names or says, 'No matter what everyone else is saying, we think the place is going to fall apart next week' is very sensitive," Collins says. "It's not that you're trying to cover up somebody's mistakes. It's that you cannot expect people to provide their superiors candid advice and analysis if they expect to see their views politicized and made public.

"If WikiLeaks is putting out a whole raft of embassy reporting from Moscow or State Department instructions on Russia policy this is not good news," Collins told CNN, "because these cables almost certainly will say things that will complicate relations between and among people involved, create resentments about publication of private information, and decrease the fragile confidence that has been building between the two governments. It could also reveal strategies or intentions to the detriment of our diplomatic strategy and tactics on a number of issues. And it can simply make life very difficult for embassy officers and other officials working to conduct our relations with Russia, depending on how all of this is released."

In Baghdad, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq told a group of journalists Friday that diplomats "are worried about additional documents coming out."

Ambassador James Jeffrey said, "WikiLeaks are an absolutely awful impediment to my business, which is to be able to have discussions in confidence with people. I do not understand the motivation for releasing these documents, they will not help, they will simply hurt our ability to do our work here."

US briefs governments on WikiLeaks "dump"

By Daniel Dombey in Washington, Guy Dinmore and Charles Clover in Moscow

Published: November 26 2010 19:32 | Last updated: November 27 2010 03:29

US officials from Hillary Clinton down have briefed governments across the world on the release of diplomatic cables by WikiLeaks in an effort to counter the impact of a massive new document �dump� of classified information on Washington�s relations with other countries

The tens of thousands of files are likely to contain unvarnished assessments of foreign governments circulated to mid to low level US officials. In one reaction ahead of the documents� publication, Italy said their release could damage Rome�s international image.

In depth: WikiLeaks revelations- Nov-24

Warrant for WikiLeaks founder condemned - Nov-22
Analysis: Online leaks: A digital deluge - Jul-30
Wikileaks: Lifting the fog of battle - Oct-24

In a sign of the concern at the highest levels of government about possible fallout from the leak, PJ Crowley, a State Department spokesman, said Mrs Clinton, the US Secretary of State, had �reached out to leaders in Germany, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Britain, France and Afghanistan regarding WikiLeaks�.

WikiLeaks, a campaigning organisation that has previously leaked tens of thousands of documents about the Afghan and Iraq wars, cited local reports that US officials had briefed the UK, Russia, Italy, Israel, Iraq, Turkey, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Canada and Australia about the impending leak. WikiLeaks has also said the release is seven times the size of the nearly 400,000 documents it leaked about the Iraq war in October.

The US alerted Italy at the start of the week that it expected WikiLeaks to release vast amounts of cables going back some 10 years, some of them being reports from foreign embassies. �It is an ocean of information,� said an Italian official, although Rome did not know the exact content of the leak.

�We are reaching out through our embassies to let governments know what WikiLeaks may do,� said Mr Crowley, adding that the Obama administration was uncertain of the timing of the release.

UK news organisations were issued with a D-notice, requesting that the part-government Defence Press and Broadcasting Advisory Committee be briefed on sensitive news stories about the British military or intelligence.

Reports in the Jerusalem Post and the London-based Arabic language paper al-Hayat said the release could reveal US support for the PKK, the Kurdish extremist group both Washington and Turkey classify as terrorist, and that Turkey failed to control its border with Iraq sufficiently, so providing indirect assistance for al-Qaeda.

The document dump, which WikiLeaks refers to as the Embassy Files, is expected to contain diplomatic cables, including reports and assessments of foreign governments and leaders. Previous WikiLeaks releases have been low level reports, made available to officials in the field. Bradley Manning, a former US military intelligence analyst based in Iraq, is facing trial for leaking information to WikiLeaks, although the extent of the information he is alleged to have passed on has not yet been established.

A statement issued after an Italian cabinet meeting quoted Franco Frattini, foreign minister, as describing �symptoms of a strategy aimed at hurting Italy on the international scene�. Mr Frattini referred to the pending leaks as well as an investigation by prosecutors into suspected corruption involving a unit of Finmeccanica, the state-controlled defence conglomerate, and extensive media reports on a rubbish crisis in Naples. The minister later told reporters that among the documents to be released by WikiLeaks there could be �judgments and facts� that could damage Italy.

A spokesman for Italy�s foreign ministry said he did not expect the leaks to hurt the current state of good relations between Italy and the US.

In Russia, Konstantin Goloskokov, a computer hacker and commissar in the Kremlin supported Nashi youth movement, said his organisation had no plans to try to disable the WikiLeaks website, or other websites carrying the materials, as long as the materials were �accurate�, as he put it, even if they show Russia in an unfavourable light.

Mr Goloskokov is credited with organising a cyberattack on Estonian internet sites in 2007, which knocked out several for days.

�In general, we consider WikiLeaks to be a positive phenomenon, it represents control of diplomacy by the people� he said. �As long as the documents are genuine, not falsified, and are accurate, we see no reason to attempt to interfere technically.�

�I am sure we will see much discussion of them in blogs and on the internet in Russia,� he said.

Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2010.

10-11-28 Judicial Corruption - What to do about it? // Corrupción judicial - ¿Qué hacer al respecto?

Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA
Comment by Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA just now
Dr Jackson-
A question:
The US was in fact the one that established the international law doctrine of international monitoring (and intervention) in matters of Human Rights, with the passage of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Later it became part of ratified International Law.
Naturally, the US found it of convenience to hold itself the Enforcer, but exluded itself from any binding international treaties and conventions in the matter.
* Isn't it a case of what is good for the goose is good for the gender?
* Why should the US refuse to cooperate with international monitors and rapporteurs, if things are so peachy keen?

After all, any nation could argue that 'competent and honest nationals could do that and don't need international supervision...' Obviously, history shows that it does not always work that way... Surely not within reasonable time from historic perspective.
Based on US history of the past 200 years, it may take half a century or more to fix conditions of the justice system that emerged in the US in recent decades...
Joseph Zernik
 Regarding refusal of the US to cooperate with international monitors and rapporteurs, see the UN 2010 UPR report:
10-11-10 United Nations Human Rights Council, Human Rights Working Group: Outcome Document of the 2010 UPR of the United States: Wg.6 9 l.9 Usa

Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA
Comment by Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA 6 hours ago

US Judge Manuel Real
US District Court, Central District of California (Los Angeles)
Hi Dr Jackson:
With all due respect... How can 'competent and honest American do that'?
Even the US Supreme Court is denying access to its electronic records, as documented below, and keeps only false and deliberately misleading records in its paper court file...
Moreover, the evidence as a whole shows that in none of the cases that were listed below there was any judicial review at all... Only false and deliberately misleading 'notices' of 'denials' were issued by an unauthorized SCOTUS employee in collusion with the Clerk of SCOTUS, and false and deliberately misleading 'dockets' were published online.
In all US courts that were examined, without exception, and in the California state courts as well, it is obvious that the clerks today consider themselves unaccountable for the integrity of any of the records that are published online. To wit - no US Court clerk, which was requested, agreed to certify a PACER docket...
Moreover, even in cases where US judges were caught in what should be deemed obvious willful judicial misconduct, the outcome was mostly a slap on the wrist.
Check out for example: 
Regulation of US Judicial Ethics and the case of US Judge (Los Angeles, not surprisingly) Manuel Real... [1]
Moreover, review of the history of the US Courts shows rampant corruption during the notorious Robber Baron Era, for example. Reform efforts by the US Congress lasted for almost half a century, repeatedly undermined by the judiciary...
The First Step in any 12 Step Program is recognizing that you have no control over the situation, and need help from all powers that be... :) 

It appears at times that the legal profession in the United States is under a Code of Silence, or worse, actively covering up the level of judicial corruption, which is unheard of in other 'Western Democracies', and trying to dupe the public at large to believe that the system is somewhere within reasonable range of integrity...
 10-11-28 Regulation of US Judicial Ethics and the Case of Judge Manuel Real-s


Comment by Dr. A. D. Jackson 9 hours ago
Reasons may vary, but in some places court records need to be in order, and electronic records need to have paper counterparts where both are filed. I think competent and honest Americans could do that and don't need international supervision, but public records being open to everyone, nothing prevents some Rapporteur or his henchman from taking a look. Andrew 

Comment by Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA 20 hours ago 
Hi Lilly: 
I hope that the release below addressed your question: "what shall be done about it," at least in part. As to: "one size fits all approach": There are some parts that are one size fits all, where the system as a whole needs to be fixed, and those were outlined below: 
1) Placing the clerks of the US courts under the authority of the US Attorney General, and 
2) Enacting federal rules pertaining to electronic court records. 
However, in papers, which were submitted for international peer-review in top-tier legal journals, the proposed approach was further elaborated: The one size fits all must be done first, because it would include the restoration of public access to electronic court records. I claim that only after that is done, the full level of corruption of the judiciary would be exposed. 
At that time it would become evident that there is no way to prosecute or impeach all the offending judge, therefore, Truth and Reconciliation Commission would have to be established. 
Further measures were proposed: 
1) The public at large, and computing professionals in particular, would have to continue to vigilantly monitor the electronic papers of the courts. 
2) The US should be subjected to international monitoring, through cooperation with international monitors and rapporteurs, and by ratifying Human Rights treaties and conventions. 
I hope that I answered your questions. Joseph Zernik

Comment by Joseph Zernik, Los Angeles, CA on November 26, 2010 at 12:01am

William Suter, Clerk
US Supreme Court

William Suter, Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States – Evidence of Public Corruption
[see separate posting: ]
Lilly Collette
Comment by Lilly Collette on November 22, 2010 at 4:38am
Joseph, I am in complete agreement: "Conditions in both the state and US courts have reached levels of corruption, which have not been seen since the late 19th - early 20th century."

The issue is: what shall be done about it. The 'one size fits all' approach in dealing with it just isn't going to work.

PS:// Civility and diplomacy work best when it is enforced by behind the scene bare knuckles.