Thursday, July 19, 2012

12-07-19 Over 400,000 demonstrate in Barcelona, large demonstrations in Madrid

Occupy Human Rights shared REELLE DEMOCRATIE MAINTENANT's photo.

800 000 à Madrid (25 000 selon la police en poste), 400 000 à Barcelone, 100 000 à Valen...

Occupybarcelona Barcelona
‎19J Barcelona 21:00h. Más de 400.000

‎19J madrid 21:20

‎19J Madrid

‎19 j Barcelona Plaza Urquinaona 19:10h

12-07-19 IDF Intelligence, Unit 8200

Unit 8200

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Unit 8200 installation on Mount Avital
Unit 8200 (Hebrewיחידה 8200‎, Yehida Shmoneh-Matayim) is an Israeli Intelligence Corps unit responsible for collecting signal intelligence and code decryption. It also appears in military publications as the Central Collection Unit of the Intelligence Corps.




Unit 8200 was established in 1952 using primitive surplus American military equipment. Originally, it was called the 2nd Intelligence Service Unit and then the 515th Intelligence Service Unit. In 1954, the unit moved from Jaffa to its current base at the Glilot junction.[1]


Unit 8200 is the largest unit in the Israel Defense Forces, comprising several thousand soldiers.[2] It is comparable in its function to the United StatesNational Security Agency, except that it is not a separate civilian (i.e. Ministry of Defense) body. Unit 8200 is led by a Brigadier-General whose identity remains classified.
Subordinate to Unit 8200 is Unit Hatzav (Hebrewיחידת חצב‎), responsible for collecting OSINT intelligence. The unit monitors and collects military intelligence-related information from televisionradionewspapers, and the internet. The translation of various items accounts for part of what is termed "basic intelligence," which is collected by the corps' units. According to media reports, the unit provides over half of the overall intelligence information for the Israeli Intelligence Community.[citation needed]
The IDF's most important signal intelligence-gathering installation is the Urim SIGINT Base, a part of Unit 8200. Urim is located in the Negev desert approximately 30 km from Beersheba.[3]In March 2004, the Commission to investigate the intelligence network following the War in Iraq recommended turning the unit into a civilian National SIGINT Agency, as is in other Western countries, but this proposal was not implemented.

[edit]Alleged activities

Ronen Bergman revealed in a 2009 book that a Hezbollah bomb, disguised as a cell phone, exploded at Unit 8200's headquarters in February 1999. Two officers were injured.[4]
In 2010, the New York Times cited "a former member of the United States intelligence community" alleging that this unit used a secret kill switch to deactivate Syrian air defenses during Operation Orchard.[5]
Unit 8200 was speculated by many media reports to be responsible for the creation of Stuxnet computer worm that in 2010 infected industrial computers, including Iranian nuclear facilities.[6]


Alumni of 8200 have gone on to found leading Israeli IT companies, among them Check PointICQNICEAudioCodesGilat, and EZchip.[7]


  1. ^ Unit 8200 history
  2. ^ "IDF Record Book 2010". Bamahane (Issue 3052): p. 83. September 8, 2010. (Hebrew)
  3. ^ Le Monde Diplomatique, 2010 September, "Israel’s Omniscient Ears: Israel’s Urim Base in the Negev Desert is among the most important and powerful intelligence gathering sites in the world. Yet, until now, its eavesdropping has gone entirely unmentioned,"
  4. ^ Book: Hezbollah got inside MI's inner sanctum Ynet, 13 Sept 2009
  5. ^ Stuxnet Worm is remarkable for its lack of subtlety, by John Markoff, New York Times 27 September 2010
  6. ^ "Stuxnet worm is the 'work of a national government agency'". The Guardian. 24 September 2010.
  7. ^ The Unit -

[edit]External links